Hans Werner Henze : Kammermusik 1958

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A landmark recording because it reflects the Scharoun Ensemble’s years of
experience with Henze and his music. Their relationship began in 1983, shortly
after the ensemble was formed. Kammermusik 1958 is one of their
signature pieces. “It soon became clear” they write “that the composer’s
interpretation of Kammermusik 1958 was freer than the written score.
Henze took some tempi more slowly, which resulted in more songful, indeed quite
romantic music”. This performance is outstanding, more assured and more
idiomatic than the original recording made in November 1958 with Peter Pears
and Julian Bream. Though Henze himself conducted that premiere, he was young,
still very much in thrall to Britten, Pears and their cliquey circles. As Henze
developed, he became himself, finding the freer, more poetic approach this
recording honours. Obviously the first recording is part of the archive, but
this new performance opens horizons: very much in the spirit of the poetry of
Hölderlin’s text and of Henze’s mature work. This performance also uses Henze’s
1963 revision of the score.

Kammermusik 1958 is also a landmark because it represents a period
in which Henze made a creative breakthrough. It connects to the sensuality of
Undine and to the esoteric Being Beauteous, but also explores
ideas which Henze would develop in later years. The piece begins with a horn
call, which is repeated more quietly, as if in response — a deliberate
reference to Britten’s Serenade for tenor, horn and strings. Almost
immediately, though, Henze breaks into new territory — long, shimmering
lines that seem to stretch into endless space. The clarinet leads, like the
call of a shepherd’s flute sounding out over distance.

From this evolves the first song with its long, arching lines that rise
expansively, accompanied by guitar. The text is abstract, almost
impressionistic in its evocation of colour and mood. “In lieblicher Blue
blühet mit dem metallenen Dache der Kirchtum.” Hölderlin in his tower, singing
to the moon, Andrew Staples and Jürgen Ruck, eternal troubadours. Hölderlin’s
poetry fascinates modern composers.This particular hymn has also been set by
Wilhelm Killmayer and Julian Anderson (whose version will be heard 21/10/17 at
the Barbican.) Staples’s singing is pristine, for “Reinheit aber ist auch
Schönheit”. Two Tentos for solo guitar frame the second song in which Henze
sets another section of Hölderlin’s hymn. Innen aus verschiedenem entsteht,
where the poet connects humble mankind with the vastness of the universe. “als
der Mensch, der heisset ein Bild der Gottheit”. Ruck’s playing creates
intimacy, cradling the song with protective warmth. It also recreates the
flowing rhythms of Tento I which Henze titled “Du schönes Bächlein”, a
reference to images in the text, which resurface in the third song, where the
pace picks up. Staples sings the phrase “Du schönes Bächlein” with minimal
accompaniment, as if the poet were transfixed by a vision.

As the voice falls silent, the ensemble emerge in a short Sonata for the
ensemble, brisk, turbulent figures that seem to have a life of their own.
“Möcht ich ein Komet sein?” Staples sings. Key phrases like “eine schöne
Jungfrau” deliciously savoured. The final line “Myrten aber gibt es in
Greichenland” shone with intense light, for this epitomizes Hölderlin’s
concepts of beauty, from the ideals of antiquity far into the future. For
Henze, the guitar is more than a “Mediterranean” device. It connects to
the lute of Orpheus and all that implied in classical mythology. An inventive
cadenza, where the strings dance and cor and bassoon moan, until strong chords
in ensemble introduce the next song, “Wenn einer in den Spiegel siehet”. which
flows with great freedom, as if the clarity of the mirror were drawing ideas
into sharper focus. The tento for guitar, which follows, is titled “Sohn Laios”
which connects to the references to Oedipus in this and the final song, “Wie
Bäche reißt des Ende von Etwas mich dahin”. Henze creates a stream of
consciousness, weaving text, music, ideas and images together in a stream
that’s at once elusive yet intriguing. Hölderlin contemplates the destiny of
suffering. “Leben ist Tod , und Tod ist auch ein Leben”. Long, plaintive vocal
lines,yet oddly affirmative, merging into a beautiful wind melody, which might
suggest ancient flutes. Horn, cor, bassoon and contrabass create mysterious
atmosphere, lightened by strings. This last Epilogue, added by Henze in1963, is
extraordinarily moving, very “inwards”, true to Hölderlin and his visionary
imagination. In the notes, Jürgen Ruck comments on the connections between the
Oedipus legend and Henze’s socio-political views and his work in music theatre.
In some ways, the Oedipus theme might also apply to other things in Henze’s
life, including his relationship to Britten.

The Scharoun Ensemble Berlin paired this Henze Kammermusik 1958
with Henze’s Neue Volkslieder und Hirtengesänge (183/1996)
for Bassoon, Guitar and String Trio. Excellent choice, for these extend the
idea of Arcadian “Shepherd” songs and fit well with Hölderlin. These songs were
premiered by the Scharoun Ensemble Berlin in 1997, presumably with Henze
himself in attendance.

Anne Ozorio

Source: Opera Today