James Westman (Rigoletto) and Myriam Leblanc (Gilda) in Opera de Montréal's Rigoletto. Photo: Yves Renaud
James Westman (Rigoletto) and Myriam Leblanc (Gilda) in Opera de Montréal's Rigoletto. Photo: Yves Renaud

Is there a more problematic opera for the #MeToo era than Rigoletto? As yet another wealthy, powerful, privileged man sits in Washington accused of sexual assault, Verdi’s portrayal of predatory male entitlement and unpunished crime seems more distasteful and vexing than ever (at least Don Giovanni gets his comeuppance at the end).

This is especially true when the production is as ultra-conventional as was Opéra de Montréal’s season-opener (seen Sept. 22). Director Michael Cavanagh’s Rigoletto, adapted from a Seattle-San Diego Opera co-production, is 100 percent traditional, and at least 50 percent more rapey.

The production is perfectly mundane, all quaint courtyards, velvet drapes and Renaissance-era costumes. Visually, Anne-Catherine Simard-Desraspe’s lighting design was the most interesting thing about it, giving every scene the rich, velvety depth of a Holbein painting. Within this pretty frame, Cavanagh offered a shockingly banal, offhanded approach to the opera’s intrinsic misogyny.

All the scenes at the Duke’s palace take place around a huge reproduction of Bernini’s famous Rape of Proserpina statue, while fleshy paintings of abduction and abuse—in the manner of Poussin’s Rape of the Sabine Women—line the walls. Rigoletto mimes anally raping Ceprano with his marotte, and we’re supposed to laugh. It’s all one big, ghastly joke that only the teller finds funny.

Even Monterone’s poor daughter—always nameless, faceless, silent—is shown in an extreme state of distress and dishevelment, leaving no ambiguity as to what happened to her in the Duke’s room. When her father inexplicably turns his vengeful rage from Rigoletto and the Duke to her, the violence feels gratuitous and, from a zeitgeist perspective, tone deaf.

James Westman (Rigoletto) in Opera de Montréal's Rigoletto. Photo: Yves Renaud
James Westman (Rigoletto) in Opera de Montréal’s Rigoletto. Photo: Yves Renaud

If the scenography was enough to make you give up on this opera entirely, at least the musical performances held both interest and integrity. In the title role, James Westman impressed with a flinty, menacing baritone that could turn tender or pathetic on a dime, although I felt his ‘Pari siamo’ could have been more rueful and bitter. An aggressively physical actor, he conveyed Rigoletto’s clumsy, lumbering ugliness well.

Myriam Leblanc’s Gilda was certainly sweet, but lacked vibrancy or presence. Leblanc was sipping water onstage and her voice and energy both seemed to droop at times, making me wonder if she was nursing a cold. Her ‘Caro nome’ had all the notes but none of the feverish infatuation. The voice is not unattractive: powerful if slightly covered through the middle, with a lean, Baroque vibrato and a crystalline, almost piercing quality at the top. But intonation was a problem, with a persistent tendency to sing very sharp.

Myriam Leblanc (Gilda) and René Barbera (Duc) in Opera de Montréal's Rigoletto. Photo: Yves Renaud
Myriam Leblanc (Gilda) and René Barbera (Duc) in Opera de Montréal’s Rigoletto. Photo: Yves Renaud

As an 11th-hour sub for Rame Lahaj, the magnificent young American tenor René Barbera wowed as the Duke. Now here was a splendid, memorable house debut: fearless technique; gleaming, saturated colour; thrilling agility; burning expressivity (throwing in a shameless but electrifying crescendo at the end of ‘Parmi veder le lagrime’); high notes for days. His youth made for a believable portrait of the Duke as an impulsive, self-centered, not overly bright frat boy, rather than as a calculating psychopath.

Tall and lean, Vartan Gabrielian was a particularly sinister, grim Sparafucile, although his low F was indistinct. Carolyn Sproule’s sensuous, petulant Maddalena and Scott Brooks’ authoritarian Monterone both stood out.

Under Carlo Montanaro’s taut, driving direction, the Orchestre Métropolitain played out of their skins. Montanaro focused on Verdi’s extraordinarily imaginative orchestration, creating chamber ensemble sensibility and detail. Christopher Best’s beautiful cello solo in Act II was a highlight.


  1. I don’t understand why Rigoletto as an opera is “problematic”. Verdi’s operas almost invariably champion the underdog, his music conferring a nobility and heightened morality that flies in the face of the opera’s social or political milieu. How does the reviewer suggest the “problem” be solved? Gilda turning the tables a la Judith and Holofernes? Well, that would a whole other story. You’d have to go to another show. Verdi endowed Gilda with the courage and integrity lacking in all the other characters. However misplaced, she is true unto death to the source of her love. Verdi’s heroines were generally replete with strength of character. How is that a problem?
    Or do you object to the fact that the Duke escapes unscathed? That is the fact if life in the society depicted in the opera. The name of the show is Rigoletto, not Wonder Woman. Yet even here, Verdi holds up the Duke to general revulsion. We see the suffering woman whose life is ruined, is ebbing, and in contrast, we hear the Duke warbling his inane, lying ditty. Can there be a more powerful indictment of male privilege? Yes, it’s true, the Duke escapes the consequences. But because of such depictions, a century later, there is a US Supreme Court justice who will never escape the ignominy of his name and his deeds. What an opera Verdi would have made of that!

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